Banking on the Lottery to Fund Retirement
With a retirement crisis looming, people are coming up with creative ideas to fund their golden years. On some people’s lists of potential plans: winning the lottery, marrying rich and leaving the country.
A sizeable number of folks think the lottery could be the answer to their retirement needs. This is in spite of the fact that the odds of winning the Powerball jackpot are one in 292.2 million. Compare this to the one in 1.2 million chance of getting hit by lighting in a given year.
The investment app Stash commissioned an online survey of 1,156 people and found that about 40 percent of American consumers who responded, including 59 percent of millennials, think winning the lottery could be a good way to fund retirement.
What’s more, nearly one in four millennials surveyed said they’re actually basing their retirement plans on winning the lottery.
Most people will need some kind of income to supplement Social Security. According to the Social Security Administration, the average monthly benefit for retirees was $1,468 in April 2019. That’s about $17,600 a year. The amount is not a whole lot more than last year’s federal poverty level of $12,140 for an individual.
Meanwhile, the Mega Millions Jackpot totaled $444 million as of May 29, 2019. And the Powerball jackpot was at $325 million.
Americans Lack Confidence in Investing Abilities
Many Americans feel ill-equipped to build a nest egg to fund their retirement. They find the task intimidating and beyond their skills.
Most of the people who responded to the Stash survey expressed a lack of confidence in their ability to invest in the stock market, which they find confusing and out of reach. Nearly a third said they lack the expertise to play the stock market, which they consider overwhelming.
More than 75 percent of millennials in the survey — people 22 to 37 years old — said they live paycheck to paycheck and have not built up an emergency fund.
“Playing the lottery may be fun, but it’s the opposite of a safe bet,” Brandon Krieg, the co-founder and chief executive officer of Stash, said in a statement. “Instead of crossing their fingers and hoping their lottery jackpot dreams come true, people can take concrete steps to improve their finances.”
Financial advisors, employer-sponsored plans and various online services can help individuals create manageable investment portfolios to save for retirement. Retirees can use some of these funds to purchase annuities to provide reliable income to supplement Social Security.
Retirement Savings Gamble
To some extent, with the demise of most pensions, workers are already playing what University of Massachusetts professor Christian Weller called a “generational lottery” with their retirement plans.
He explained in a Forbes article that your birth date is almost like your place on the retirement roulette wheel. Where you land determines how much you’re able to save.
Weller calculated that someone who retired in 1999 after making certain investments would have made 18 times their final earnings after 35 years. Someone who made the same mixture of investments and retired in 2018 would have gotten just 6.5 times their final earnings after the same amount of time. The 2018 retirees, in effect, are left to live on less than half the income they were making when they retired.
“Retirees will have to live with these differences,” Weller wrote. “After all, it’s not like those with 35 years of subpar financial returns can just try it again.”
This kind of gamble doesn’t happen with defined benefit pensions or Social Security, Weller noted, because those plans spread the risk over a much longer term. He suggested finding a way for workers to pool their risks so their retirement security is not so dependent on their birth years.
Lottery for Retirement Not New
The complexities and unpredictability of investing is probably largely why using the actual lottery to fund retirement isn’t all that new an idea.
The Consumer Federation of America commissioned a similar survey in 2006 that found that 21 percent of all Americans surveyed, including 38 percent of those whose incomes were less than $25,000, thought winning the lottery was the most practical way to accumulate several hundred thousand dollars. Among survey respondents who were 55 years old and older, 31 percent thought the lottery was the most practical way to accumulate the funds.
In the more recent Stash survey, 22 percent of all those surveyed said they plan to work a part-time job in their retirement, while 4 percent plan to move to another country to find a cheaper lifestyle. Another 4 percent plan to depend on their children, and 3 percent said they’re going to get a rich spouse to support them.
Financial experts say a much better plan involves starting early with a small amount and saving over time. The Motley Fool calculated that with a mix of stocks and other investments that yield an average annual 7 percent return, someone who saves just $100 a month would have $240,000 after 40 years. If that same person saved $500 a month, he or she would have $1.2 million after 40 years.
It’s not quite lottery jackpot money. But it’s an actual, legitimately achievable plan.