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Bretton Woods Conference

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The name commonly given to the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference, held (July 1-22, 1944) at Bretton Woods, N.H. The conference resulted in the creation of the International Monetary […]

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Broker-dealer

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Any person, other than a bank, engaged in the business of buying or selling securities on its own behalf or for others.

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Brokers’ loans

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Money borrowed by brokers from banks for uses such as financing specialists’ inventories of stock, financing the underwriting of new issues of corporate and municipal securities, and financing customer margin […]

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Budget

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An itemized summary of probable income and expenses for a given period.

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Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

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A research agency of the U.S. Department of Labor; it compiles statistics on hours of work, average hourly earnings, employment and unemployment, consumer prices and many other variables.

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Buydown

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A lump sum payment made to the creditor by the borrower or by a third party to reduce the amount of some or all of the consumer’s periodic payments to […]

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Capacity utilization rate

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The percentage of the economy’s total plant and equipment that is currently in production. Usually, a decrease in this percentage signals an economic slowdown, while an increase signals economic expansion.

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Capital

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A person’s savings and other assets, which can be used as collateral for loans.

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Capital market

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The market in which corporate equity and longer-term debt securities (those maturing in more than one year) are issued and traded.

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Cash flow

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Money coming to an individual or business less money being paid out during a given period.

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